From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Jingjiao Documents also known as the Nestorian Documents or the Jesus Sutras, are a collection of Chinese language texts connected with the 7th-century mission of Alopen, a Church of the East bishop from Sassanian Mesopotamia, and the 8th-century monk Adam. The manuscripts date from between 635, the year of Alopen’s arrival in China, and around 1000, when the cave at Mogao near Dunhuang in which the documents were discovered was sealed.
By 2011, four of the manuscripts were known to be in a private collection in Japan, while one was in Paris. Their language and content reflect varying levels of interaction with Chinese culture, including use of Buddhist and Taoist terminology.
Open to diverging concepts being incorporated into our daily religious practice and that’s the why we are Progressiste Christian. We base our faith on One God with many names and our involvement is more from the preaching (teaching) than the rituals. We combined belief systems that incorporate the similarities of the Buddha and Jesus
On the “Sermon on the Mount” Jesus states many concepts that would agree with many Buddhist traditions:
- Be humble
- Be compassionate (a possible translation of sympathy through mourning)
- Live simply (a possible translation of meek)
- Be ethical (a possible translation of righteous)
- Be merciful
- Be pure of heart
- Be a peacemaker
- Do not live in fear to do what is right
- Be an example to others (“the light of the world”)
- Do not murder (the Buddhist First Precept)
- Do not commit adultery (The Buddhist Third Precept)
- Sin is not only found in action but in intention (the Buddhist concept of volitional action creating karma)
- Keep your promises (The Buddhist Fourth Precept)
- Turn the other cheek (The Buddhist concept of compassion or karuna)
- Do charity because it is in your heart to do so (the concept of dana)
- Do not judge ( The Buddhist concept of the three poisons: hatred, greed and delusion)
- Always be seeking and questioning ( “seek and you will find .. “)
- Beware of false prophets and judge them by the fruit they bare (the sutta of the Kalamas)
We found several sources:
Source A: http://miltonb03032014.wordpress.com/2015/10/05/jesus-and-buddha-the-parallel-sayings/
Source B: http://appliedbuddhism.com/2010/08/18/can-you-be-a-buddhist-christian
Source C: http://noriohayakawa.wordpress.com/2017/01/23/jesus-and-buddha-similarities-and-differences-two-opposing-views/
Rejection of convergence
In 1989 the Catholic Church, through the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith rejected attempts at mixing some aspects of Christian and Buddhist practices, in a letter titled “Letter to the Bishops of the Catholic Church on some aspects of Christian meditation” generally known as the Aspects of Christian meditation letter. The document issues warnings on differences, and potential incompatibilities, between Christian meditation and the styles of meditation used in eastern religions such as Buddhism. Referring to some elements of Buddhism as “negative theology” the document states: Still others do not hesitate to place that absolute without image or concepts, which is proper to Buddhist theory, on the same level as the majesty of God revealed in Christ, which towers above finite reality. To this end, they make use of a “negative theology” Similar warnings were issued in 2003 in A Christian reflection on the New Age which also referred to Buddhism. The Southern Baptist Convention expressed agreement with those views.
The Indian Buddhists 10 commandments :
- Thou shalt not kill any living creature.
- Thou shalt not steal.
- Thou shalt not break thy vow of chastity.
- Thou shalt not lie.
- Thou shalt not betray the secrets of others.
- Thou shalt not wish for the death of thy enemies.
- Thou shalt not desire the wealth of others.
- Thou shalt not pronounce injurious and foul words.
- Thou shalt not indulge in luxury (sleep on soft beds or be lazy).
- Thou shalt not accept gold or silver
- I undertake to abstain from causing harm and taking life (both human and non-human).\
- I undertake to abstain from taking what is not given (for example stealing, displacements that may cause misunderstandings).
- I undertake to abstain from sexual activity.
- I undertake to abstain from wrong speech: telling lies, deceiving others, manipulating others, using hurtful words.
- I undertake to abstain from using intoxicating drinks and drugs, which lead to carelessness.
- I undertake to abstain from eating at the wrong time (the right time is after sunrise, before noon).
- I undertake to abstain from singing, dancing, playing music, attending entertainment performances, wearing perfume, and using cosmetics and garlands (decorative accessories).
- I undertake to abstain from luxurious places for sitting or sleeping, and overindulging in sleep
By Christmas Humphreys
Twelve Principles of Buddhism
- Self salvation is for any man the immediate task. If a man lay wounded by a poisoned arrow he would not delay extraction by demanding details of the man who shot it or the length and make of the arrow. There will be time for ever-increasing understanding of the Teaching during the treading of the Way. Meanwhile, begin now by facing life as it is, learning always by direct and personal experience.
- The first fact of existence is the law of change or impermanence. All that exists, from a mole to a mountain, from a thought to an empire, passes through the same cycle of existence; birth, growth, decay and death. Life alone is continuous, ever seeking self-expression in new forms. “Life is a bridge; therefore build no house on it.” Life is a process of flow, and he who clings to any form, however splendid, will suffer by resisting the flow.
- The law of change applies equally to the “soul”. There is no principle in an individual which is immortal and unchanging. Only the “Namelessness”, the Ultimate Reality, is beyond change, and all forms of life, including man, are manifestations of this Reality. No one owns the life which flows in him any more than the electric light bulb owns the current which gives it light.
- The universe is the expression of law. All effects have causes, and man’s soul or character is the sum total of his previous thoughts and acts. Karma, meaning action-reaction, governs all existence, and man is the sole creator of his circumstances, and his reaction to them, his future condition and his final destiny. By right thought and action he can gradually purify his inner nature, and so by self-realization attain in time liberation from rebirth. The process covers great periods of time, involving life after life on earth, but ultimately every form of life will reach enlightenment.
- Life is one and indivisible, though its ever-changing forms are innumerable and perishable. There is, in truth, no death, though every form must die. From an understanding of life’s unity arises compassion, a sense of identity with the life in other forms. Compassion is described as the “Law of laws-eternal harmony”, and he who breaks this harmony of life will suffer accordingly and delay his own enlightenment.
- Life being One, the interests of the part should be those of the whole. In his ignorance man thinks he can successfully strive for his own interests, and his wrongly-directed energy of selfishness produces its cause. The Buddha taught four Noble Truths:
a) The omnipresence of suffering;
b) its cause, wrongly-directed desire;
c) its cure, the removal of the cause; and
d) the Noble Eightfold Path of self-development which leads to the end of suffering.
- The Eightfold Path consists of:
(a)Right Views or preliminary understanding,
(b) Right Aims or Motives,
(c) Right Speech,
(d) Right Acts,
(e) Right Livelihood,
(f) Right Effort,
(g) Right Concentration or mind-development, and, finally,
(h) Right Samadhi, leading to full Enlightenment. As Buddhism is a way of living, not merely a theory of life, the treading of this Path is essential to self-deliverance. “Cease to do evil, learn to do good, cleanse your own heart: this is the Teaching of the Buddhas”.
- Reality is incomprehensible, and a God with attributes is not the final Reality. But the Buddha, a human being, became the All- Enlightened One, and the purpose of life is the attainment of Enlightenment. This state of consciousness, Nirvana, the extinction of the limitations of selfhood, is attainable on earth. All men and all other forms of life contain the potentiality of Enlightenment, and the purpose therefore consists in becoming what you are: “Look within; thou art Buddha”.
- From potential to actual Enlightenment there lies the Middle Way, the Eightfold Path from desire to peace”, a process of self-development between the “opposites”, avoiding all extremes. The Buddha trod this Way to the end, and the only faith required in Buddhism is the reasonable belief that where a Guide has trodden its is worth our while to tread. The Way must be trodden by the whole man, nor merely the best of him, and heart and mind must be developed equally. The Buddha was the All-Compassionate as well as the All-Enlightened One.
- Buddhism lays great stress on the need of inward concentration and meditation, which leads in time to the development of the inner spiritual faculties. The subjective life is as important as the daily round, and periods of quietude for inner activity are essential for a balanced life. The Buddhist should at all times be “mindful and self-possessed”, refraining from mental and emotional attachment to “the passing show”. This increasingly watchful attitude to circumstances, which he knows to be his own creation, helps him to keep his reaction to it always under control.
- The Buddha said: “Work out your own salvation with diligence”. Buddhism knows no authority for truth save the intuition of the individual, and that is authority for himself alone. Each man suffers the consequences of his own acts, and learns thereby, while helping his fellow man to the same deliverance; nor will prayer to the Buddha or to any God prevent an effect following its cause. Buddhist monks are teachers and examplars, and in no sense intermediaries between Reality and the individual. The utmost tolerance is practiced towards all other religions and philosophies, for no man has the right to interfere in his neighbor’s journey to the Goal.
- Buddhism is neither pessimistic or “escapist”, nor does it deny the existence of God or soul, though it places its own meaning on these terms. It is, on the contrary, a system of thought, a religion, a spiritual science and a way of life, which is reasonable, practical and all embracing. For over two thousand years it has satisfied the spiritual needs of nearly one-third of mankind. It appeals to the West because it has no dogmas, satisfies the reason and the heart alike, insists on self-reliance coupled with tolerance for other points of view, embraces science, religion, philosophy, psychology, ethics and art, and points to man alone as the creator of his present life and sole designer of his destiny.
Buddhist Philosophy The author of these twelve principles is Mr. Christmas Humphreys (1901-1983) – founder and president of the Buddhist Society of London. He compiled this list in 1942. These principles express a common ground for all schools of Buddhism and have been approved by the leading sects throughout the world as a basis for World Buddhism.
(Editor’s note: The author’s original wording, punctuation and spelling have been preserved. The use of the words “man,” “men” and masculine pronouns is meant to include persons of both sexes and is indicative of the author’s historical and cultural milieu and not meant to portray Buddhism as a male-only pursuit. Additionally, the reader may find it helpful to mentally substitute the word “liberation” or “enlightenment” for “salvation” and “harmonious” or “appropriate” wherever the word “right” or “perfect” appears in the text.)
This page is on our site since 2011 and we do not know where it came from other than wikipedia.org, searching the internet we couldn’t find a similar page. The 12 principles are from Travers Christmas Humphreys, QC (15 February 1901 – 13 April 1983 was an English barrister who prosecuted several controversial cases in the 1940s and 1950s, and later became a judge at the Old Bailey. He also wrote a number of works on Mahayana Buddhism and in his day was the best-known British convert to Buddhism. In 1924 he founded what became the London Buddhist Society, which was to have a seminal influence on the growth of the Buddhist tradition in Britain. His former home in St John’s Wood, London, is now a Buddhist temple. He was also an enthusiastic proponent of the Oxfordian theory of Shakespeare authorship.
We found: thesevenworlds.wordpress.com who refer to http://www.buddhanet .net/budsas/ebud/ebdha358.htm in which it doesn’t exist anymore. But the site has Copyright © 1996-2020, © Buddha Dharma Education Association Inc
http://www.chinabuddhismencyclopedia.com/en/index.php/Twelve_Principles_of_Buddhism “Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia.”
Bibliographic details for Twelve Principles of Buddhism
Page name: Twelve Principles of Buddhism
Author: Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia contributors
Publisher: Chinese Buddhist Encyclopedia, .
Date of last revision: 26 January 2015 09:27 UTC
Date retrieved: 1 August 2020 17:17 UTC
Permanent URL: http://www.chinabuddhismencyclopedia.com/en/index.php?title=Twelve_Principles_of_Buddhism&oldid=190149
Page Version ID: 190149
On a very old site of us (2014) we have a French version of the 12 principles with this info:
Congrégation Bouddhique Mondiale Linh Son
9, avenue Jean Jaurès – 94 340 Joinville-le-Pont
Tél : 01 48 83 75 47 – Fax : 01 48 83 77 59