Metaphysics is a traditional branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being and the world that encompasses it, although the term is not easily defined. in the broadest possible terms:
- Ultimately, what is there?
- What is it like?
A person who studies metaphysics is called a metaphysician. Among other things, the metaphysician attempts to clarify the fundamental notions by which people understand the world, e.g., existence, objects and their properties, space and time, cause and effect, and possibility.
A central branch of metaphysics is ontology, the investigation into the basic categories of being and how they relate to each other. Some include epistemology as another central focus of metaphysics, but others question this.
Another central branch of metaphysics is metaphysical cosmology: an area of philosophy that seeks to understand the origin of the universe and determine whether there is an ultimate meaning behind its existence.
Metaphysical cosmology differs from physical cosmology, the study of the physical origins and evolution of the Universe. Prior to the modern history of science, scientific questions were addressed as a part of metaphysics known as natural philosophy.
Originally, the term “science” (Latin scientia) simply meant “knowledge”.
Jesus a mystical monotheist, worshiping the only the one God of the Hebrew.
Monotheists hold that there is only one god, and may claim that the one true god is worshiped in different religions under different names. The view that all theists know it or not, is especially emphasized in Hinduism and Sikhism. In Christianity, the doctrine of the Trinity describes God as one God in three persons.
The Trinity comprises The Father, The Son (embodied metaphysically by Jesus), and The Holy Spirit.
Islam’s most fundamental concept is tawhid (meaning “oneness” or “uniqueness”).
God is described in the Quran as:
“Say: He is Allah, the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth not, nor is He begotten;
And there is none like unto Him.”
Muslims repudiate the Christian doctrine of the Trinity and the divinity of Jesus, comparing it to polytheism. In Islam, God is beyond all comprehension or equal and does not resemble any of his creations in any way. Thus, Muslims are not iconodules and are not expected to visualize God.